Cytokinesis is completed shortly after the chromatid separation. This process occurs during the anaphase stage of mitosis in a cell's life cycle.
Respiration without oxygen. Anaerobic Exercise There are three energy-producing systems in the human body, one of which is aerobic (using oxygen), and two of which are anaerobic (not using oxygen): ATP-CP and Glycolysis.
For the first few seconds you exercise you're using the ATP-CP system. This relies on stored ATP (adenosine triphosphate, the molecule that produces the energy in all living things, from bacteria on up).
Another stored molecule, CP (creatinine phosphate) helps restore your ATP. CP is restored aerobically (with oxygen).
When you exercise beyond the limit of your ATP-CP stores (anything more than a few seconds) the second anaerobic system kicks in: anaerobic glycolysis.
This makes ATP from glucose (sugar) stored in your liver and muscles. You get the glucose from eating carbohydrates. (Eating a reasonable amount of carbs after exercising helps increase the glucose stores.)
When you exercise beyond the limits of your ATP-CP and glucose systems, your body needs to start producing energy "on the fly" [without O2] using lactic acid instead. That is anaerobic Respiration - without O2.
Homozygous -It is the characteristic of having two identical alleles at the same locus of sister chromatids. homozygous means having identical alleles at corresponding chromosomal locus or the specific site of a particular gene on its chromosome
what is the ecosystem
On providing a hypotonic environment outside the cell, the plasma membrane bursts.
When the cell membrane ruptures, the cellular contents are released to the environment as the cell membrane is the 'wall' that separates the cellular contents from the outer environment. In biological terminology, this is called cellular lysis.