Maggie: A Girl of the Streets (1893) is http://wiki.answers.com/wiki/Stephen_Crane's first http://wiki.answers.com/wiki/Novel, though it is sometimes considered a http://wiki.answers.com/wiki/Novella. Considered too risqué by publishers, Crane had to finance the publication of the novel himself. "Maggie" is an example of http://wiki.answers.com/wiki/Naturalism_%28literature%29. Naturalism is dominated by the idea of http://wiki.answers.com/wiki/Determinism, the notion that events and people's behavior are shaped by forces beyond their control. This pessimistic novel highlighted the deplorable living conditions of the working class during the so-called http://wiki.answers.com/wiki/Gilded_Age. Naturalism http://wiki.answers.com/wiki/Stephen_Crane's Maggie is "regarded as the first work of unalloyed naturalism in American fiction." According to the naturalistic principles, a character is set into a world where there is no escape from one's biological heredity. Additionally, the circumstances in which a person finds oneself will dominate one's behavior, depriving the individual of responsibility.Although Stephen Crane denied any influence by Émile Zola, the creator of Naturalism, on his work, examples in his texts indicate that this American author was inspired by French naturalism. Historical context Maggie was published during the time of http://wiki.answers.com/wiki/Industrialization. The http://wiki.answers.com/wiki/USA, a country shaped by http://wiki.answers.com/wiki/Agriculture in 19th century, became an http://wiki.answers.com/wiki/Industrialized_nation in the late 1890s. Moreover, "an unprecedented influx of immigrants contributed to a boom in population,"creating bigger cities and a new consumer society. By these developments, progress was linked with poverty, illustrating that the majority of the US population was skeptical about the dependency on the fluctuation of global economy. Main characters Jimmie- a young boy, Maggie and Tommie's brother, who first appears in the beginning scene fighting a gang war of some sort with the Rum Alley Children.
Pete- a teenager, in the beginning, who is an acquaintance of Jimmie, and saves Jimmie in the fight
Father- brutal, drunkard, father of Jimmie, Maggie, and Tommie
Maggie- eldest child, protagonist of the story, apparently immune to the after-effects of the negative family, prostitute (at the end of the story, an implication)
Tommie- youngest child
Mary- drunkard mother, also brutal Brief summary The story opens with Jimmie, at this point a young boy, trying to fight a gang of boys from an opposing neighborhood all by himself. He is saved by Pete, and comes home to his sister Maggie and toddling brother Tommie, and a brutal and drunken father and mother who terrify the children until they are shuddering in the corner. Years pass, the father and Tommie die, and Jimmie hardens into a sneering, aggressive, cynical youth. He gets a job as a teamster. Maggie begins to work in a shirt factory, but her attempts to improve her life are undermined by her mother's drunken rages. Maggie begins to date Jimmie's friend Pete, who has a job as a bartender and seems a very fine fellow. He takes her to the theater and the museum. One night Jimmie and Mary accuse Maggie of "Goin to deh devil." Jimmie goes to Pete's bar and picks a fight with him (even though he himself has ruined other boys' sisters). As the neighbors continue to talk about Maggie, Pete and Mary decide to join them in badmouthing her instead of defending her. Later, Nellie, a "woman of brilliance and audacity" convinces Pete to leave Maggie, whom she calls "a little pale thing with no spirit." Thus abandoned, Maggie tries to return home but is rejected by her mother and scorned by the entire tenement. In a later scene, a prostitute, implied to be Maggie, wanders the streets, moving into progressively worse neighborhoods until, reaching the river, she is followed by a grotesque and shabby man. The next scene shows Pete drinking in a saloon with six fashionable women "of brilliance and audacity." He passes out, whereupon one, possibly Nellie, takes his money. In the final chapter, Jimmie tells his mother that Maggie is dead. The mother exclaims, ironically, as the neighbors comfort her, "I'll fergive her!".
Putting it simply, there are men who are far too gentle to endure a world where men are "supposed" to be fierce, brutal, cut-throat, ever-competitive creatures. Some just aren't built this way. One of the most famous, perhaps, was Leonardo Da Vinci. Viciously accused of and imprisoned for sodomy (subsequently acquitted fo lack of any evidence) at a time when such a crime carried the death penalty, Leonardo was very deeply wounded by such a charge. Indeed, due to this, he wrote the immortal words, "The greater the sensibility, the greater the suffering... much suffering", meaning that the more intelligent and enlightened a man is, the more he suffers at the hands of other men in the physical world. This was Kavanaugh's theme and was undoubtedly a personal statement, as he was a catholic priest and is a psychologist in addition to being a poet. He, undoubtedly, is a very gentle man.
the price of fame!!
In "The last of mohicans" Hawkeys suffers a great loss which makes him set off a quest. which kind of loss was this?
If you're going by MLA guidelines (and I'm assuming that you are) then your works cited page should be listed alphabetically by author last name.