Yes, voicing is considered the backbone of an audit. This is because the auditor needs to check and verify all information to make sure everything is accurate.
A quality circle is a group composed of regular employees who meet together to discuss workplace improvement, and make presentations to management with their ideas. The concept was invented in the United States and introduced in post-war Japan in the early 1950s, but was not introduced in the United States until 1974. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quality_circle
John Buglear, Senior Lecturer in Statistics and Operational Research, Nottingham Business School, Nottingham Trent University.
Quantitative Methods for Business: The A-Z of QM will enable readers to: *Appreciate the significance of quantitative methods for businesses and the study of business *Understand and apply a wide range of quantitative techniques *Select appropriate quantitative techniques for data analysis, problem solving and decision making *Interpret and communicate the results of quantitative analysis
First and second year undergraduate courses in Quantitative Methods.
Management function is needed in society in order for society to operate effectively. In society there will always be people who are better at leading and people who are better at following direction given by a leader.
It isn't necessary. Some companies function without them, in fact. However, having an organization of some sort, whether or not it is written down, is important. This helps people to know who to contact if they have a question, or helps people to know where to go up the "chain of command" if an issue needs to be escalated. Even in a family, it is helpful to know certain things... like who does what chore, so that three people aren't taking out the trash but refusing to do the dishes. Division of labor helps people to stay organized and get more done.