Molecules with dipoles have higher boiling points because they are able to form strong dipole-dipole interactions with other molecules. Alkanes are nonpolar and only have weak London dispersion forces, thus lower boiling points.
Ether is an organic functional group consisting of a disubstituted oxygen, or an oxygen atom bonded to 2 carbon atoms (if adjacent to a ketone, functional group is then called an ester). Ethers are commonly used as powerful non-polar solvents for both industrial applications and for chemical reactions. Petroleum ether (Naptha) is often used in an industrial setting due to its low cost while either diethyl ether or tetrahydrofuran is commonly used is a chemical laboratory setting. Ethers are extremely flammable and sometimes can exhibit explosive properties. Ethers can also be cleaved and/or added to larger organic molecules. Many commonly used chemicals and drug contain ether functional groups.
Ether was used as a general anesthetic/analgesic for surgeries. Its use replaced chloroform which was extremely toxic (specifically caused liver damage). The American surgeon Crawford Williamson Long was the first to use it as a general anesthetic in 1842.
An Ether is sprayed into the air intake to start a stubborn engine. It may also be added to the fuel in race cars for extra power.
Neutralizing Salt Saturated Soil
Technically you do not "neutralize" salts in soils. What you want to do is dissolve and remove them.
For container plants, flush repeatedly with fresh clean water.
Considerable amounts of water are needed for flowerbeds, lawns, gardens or large plots of land in most parts of the world. Fields are normally irrigated with enough water to dissolve and wash the salts out of the root zone for the plants you are growing.
It is also very important to know whether any of the salts are sodium salts. If sodium salts are present (this is a saline-sodic soil) in a garden, yard or farm field, the sodium must first be displaced by another cation, like calcium, before flushing the soil with water. Gypsum is typically added to supply the calcium. If this is not done first, the soil structure will be ruined, and the field or garden will have to be flooded again after calcium is supplied to it, wasting time, money and soil productivity.
Another (longer term) idea...In Australia where there is a problem of sodic soils there are plantings of certain species that absorb the salt into their leaves to reduce the level in the soil. These can then be culled and the soil used. This may not be practical on a small scale though! Or if your in a hurry! The types of plants used are saltbushes, atriplex, myoporums, and some melaleucas although all countries have their own salt - tolerant species. Most are fast growing and small. In the meantime you could try growing asparagus... you are supposed to add salt when planting!
A standard chemical reaction always and only involves a change in the electron configuration of the atom (either the number of electrons or their energy configuration). If the nucleus is affected (either the number of protons or electrons), then it is designated as a nuclear reaction, and this is quite different.
It can be argued yes because whole milk is an emulsion of milk and cream. Tiny fat globules are suspended (but not SOLUBLE) in the water solution of the milk solids, etc that make up milk. The fat will separate on standing - the "cream rises". Making low-fat and skim milk is separating out more of the fat globules, which were not dissolved in the milk.