Ionization EnergyIonization energy is the amount of energy required to remove one electron from an atom, molecule or ion. You can also measure the 2nd IE, which is the energy required to remove the second electron, and so on. IEs of atoms are strictly positive numbers as it always requires energy to remove an electron (also, the 2nd IE is greater than the 1st, and the 3rd greater than the 2nd, etc.) The magnitude of the IE is for atoms is a function of something called the effective nuclear charge, which is a complicated function of the actual nuclear charge (the # of protons in the nucleus).
change of temperature (hotter)
change of pressure (higher)
presence of catalyst
inputs of energy (ie radiation)
pH of solutions
concentration of reagents
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dingo + jonny
Stickfight anyone , Amy sands spectating There are several factors. Concentration, size of particles, pressure, increase in temperature and the use of catalyst can increase the rate of reactions.
Check out the formula of salicylic acid on Wikipedia. Then remove the -OH on the top, and replace it with -O-CH3. That's the ester of salicylic acid and methanol.
the nuclear model was its name. the theory behind this model is that 99.99% of the atom is empty space.the nucleus is what that is tiny and the most dense positive core.The nucleus contains protons. the nucleus is what weight the most in the atom