If you want to spell "Jordan" phonetically, it's ג׳ורדן
The Hebrew name for Jordan is Yarden = ירדן
He who wrestles with God = Yisra'el (ישראל)
Psalm 119 is an acrostic psalm and the Hebrew letters at the top of each group of 8 verses represent the individual letters of the Hebrew alphabet from start to finish, or Aleph to Tav. That is like if someone wrote a song in English with a verse for each letter from A to Z.
Most Bibles have the translated names of the Hebrew letters next to the Hebrew characters, such as Alef, Bet,Gimel and so forth. The psalm was designed to be memorized and sung, and this is thought to be an aid to memorization.
- khofesh (חופש)
- kherut (חירות)
These words are the same in both Ancient Hebrew and Modern Hebrew
The Hebrew alphabet (אָלֶף־בֵּית עִבְרִי) is used in the writing of the Hebrew language, as well as of other Jewish languages, including:
The basic alphabet is as follows (from right to left):
א ב ג ד ה ו ז ח ט י כ ל מ נ ס ע פ צ ק ר ש ת
The Hebrew alphabet has 22 Consonants and no vowels. It does not have upper and lower case, but five letters have different forms when used at the end of a word:
ך ם ן ף ץ
Hebrew writing is referred to as an abjad, which is an alphabet with no vowels. As with other abjads, such as the Arabic alphabet, scribes later devised means of indicating vowel sounds by vowel points, known in Hebrew as niqqud. There are about 20 Niqqud symbols, though a few are rare and/or extinct. Niqqud symbols are not considered to be part of the alphabet. Here is a sample text with Niqqud, which are the dots and dashes above, inside, and below the letters:
בְּרֵאשִׁית, בָּרָא אֱלֹקִים, אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם, וְאֵת הָאָרֶץ
In rabbinic and Modern Hebrew, the letters א ה ו י are also used as "vowel letters." When used to write Yiddish, the writing system is a true alphabet (except for borrowed Hebrew words). The following letters are used as vowels in Yiddish:
א = a
ע = e
י = i
אָ = o
ו = u
יי = ei as in weight
ייַ = ei as in height
In modern usage of the Hebrew alphabet, as in the case of Yiddish (except that ע replaces ה) and to some extent modern Israeli Hebrew, vowels may be indicated. Today, the trend is toward full spelling with these letters acting as true vowels.
There have been two scripts in use. The old Hebrew script is known as the paleo-Hebrew script (which has been largely preserved, in an altered form, in the Samaritan script), while the present "square" form of the Hebrew alphabet is a stylized form of the Aramaic script and was known by Israel's sages as the Ashuri script (Assyrian script), since its origins were alleged to be from Assyria. Various "styles" (in current terms, "fonts") of representation of the letters exist.
There is also a cursive Hebrew script.