In 1918-19 German women got the vote at all levels, having previously only been allowed to vote in some local elections in a few of the German states. Since 1900-08 they had been able to study at university on the same basis as men. Since 1919 a wide range of professions was open to women, in principle. However, it was often very difficult for women to get appointed to the more prestigious jobs. Attitudes were more traditional than, for example, in Britain. The main desirable occupations open to women included: teaching, nursing and some posts in publishing and journalism. A very small number of women succeeded in establishing themselves as physicians.
On April 7, 2010 the president, Kurmanbek Bakiev, was ousted.
As of 19.05.2010 Roza Otunbayeva is the President.
== == It was a Roman Province - Gallia Transalpina. before that, it was a land mass occupied by multiple tribes - a bit like the USA in fact. Think of the Romans as the British and you have the history. Mind you, the British had their hand in the matter; in the medieval period more than half of the territory of France was at one time or another under English rule. It was this, in fact, which with the help of Joan of Arc gave rise to the felling of Frenchness which built the modern nation. So, to sum up: France was: a region occupied sparsely by Celts a tribal free-for-all occupied by the Gauls (500 BC) a Roman province full of Gallo-Romans (55 BC) a devastated area overrun by Goths, Ostrogoths, Visigoths, Huns, Vandals and other trash. (400 AD) an area half overrun by the Franks (500 AD) the Kingdom of the Franks (600 AD) Part of the Empire of Charlemagne (800) a small area ruled by the King of France (1000) a large area ruled by the King of France (1450) A larger area, ditto (1700) A larger republic (1792) An even larger Empire (1805) A slightly smaller Kingdom (1815) A Republic again, an Empire again (1848, 1852) Finally, a somewhat smaller Republic (1870) A Republic (1918) and now - France.
Hitler's Germany declared war on the United States on Dec. 11. 1941 after the U.S. declared war on Japan 3 days earlier in response to that nation's attack on Pearl Harbor. Germany brought about the declaration of war to honor the Tripartite Pact it had signed with Japan and Italy on Sept. 27, 1940 in Berlin. Article 3 of the Tripartite Pact stated,"Japan, Germany, and Italy agree to cooperate in their efforts on aforesaid lines. They further undertake to assist one another with all political, economic and military means if one of the Contracting Powers is attacked by a Power at present not involved in the European War or in the Japanese-Chinese conflict". Hitler was not obligated to declare war on the US by virtue of the Tripartite Pact. As noted above "...if one of the Contracting Powers is attacked by a Power at present not involved in the European War or in the Japanese-Chinese conflict". The US did not attack Japan. As such the explanation given above is incorrect. If Hitler had not declared war on the US. It is highly unlikely that Roosevelt would have asked or the Congress would have approved a Declaration of War. US isolationist sentiment, a carry-over from WW1, still feared participation in another European War. More pragmatically, declaration of war on Germany would have meant a two-front war and stretched already thin resources. By not declaring war on Germany the US could have concentrated its scarce resources on a one-front war against Japan. Hitler declared war on the US because in his view 1) the US was militarily impotent and irrelevant. The US Army was the 16th largest in the world--smaller than Belgium's army, but larger that Portugal's. Furthermore, any ability to bring US military or industrial strength to bear would take years to mobilize. As such, the US was irrelevant. The US represented no risk/threat to Germany. Hitler had nothing to lose-or fear- by declaring war on the US. He did have something to gain. 2) Hitler hoped that by declaring war on Japan's enemy (the US) that Japan would in turn, declare war on the US. Thus, forcing the Russians to fight a two front war and drawing off Russian forces on eastern front by keeping sizable Russian forces locked up in Siberia/Asia. By December 7, 1941, Germany was already encountering strong resistance in Moscow and Stalingrad. Why else did Hitler declar