James Madison expounded the need for a federal district on January 23, 1788, in his "Federalist No. 43", arguing that the national capital needed to be distinct from the states in order to provide for its own maintenance and safety. An attack on the Congress at Philadelphia by a mob of angry soldiers, known as the Pennsylvania Mutiny of 1783, had emphasized the need for the government to see to its own security. Therefore, the authority to establish a federal capital was provided in Article One, Section Eight, of the United States Constitution, which permits a "District (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular states, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States". The Constitution does not, however, specify a location for the new capital. In what later became known as the Compromise of 1790, Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and Thomas Jefferson came to an agreement that the federal government would assume war debt carried by the states, on the condition that the new national capital would be located in the South.
On July 16, 1790, the Residence Act provided for a new permanent capital to be located on the Potomac River, the exact area to be selected by President Washington. As permitted by the U.S. Constitution, the initial shape of the federal district was a square, measuring 10 miles (16 km) on each side, totaling 100 square miles. During 1791-92, Andrew Ellicott and several assistants, including Benjamin Banneker, surveyed the border of the District with both Maryland and Virginia, placing boundary stones at every mile point.
The Truman Doctrine (1947) was designed to support anti-communists and resist the spread of communism. Initially, it stated that the United States would support both Turkey and Greece with economic and military aid, preventing them falling into the Soviet sphere.
It offered support to all countries that declined communism, attempting to contain it, and ultimately end it. The Truman Doctrine also included Marshall Aid, which was money that was offered to all European countries for rebuilding. The Soviet-controlled countries of the Warsaw Pact had to decline this "capitalist" money.
In an address to Congress, President Truman said, "I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressure.
The Truman Doctrine is the common name for the Cold War strategy of containment versus the Soviet Union and the expansion of communism. This doctrine was first promulgated by President Harry Truman in an address to the U.S. Congress on February 27, 1947.
Charles Carroll signed the Declaration of Independence. He was returning from a mission to Canada with Benjamin Franklin and Samuel Chase when he and Chase had a couple of days to get to the signing of the Declaration of Independence. He arrived to make the vote unanimous. He did not participate in the writing or convention that approved the Consitution but certainly celebrated it at his mansion afterward.
No, not always. Some slave owners, at least according to the historical account, treated their slaves well. Actually, slaves were USUALLY treated fairly humanely because they were valueable property. They certainly didn't have any luxuries, but they got their basic necessities like food, shelter and medical care. Just as a farmer keeps his tractor serviced regularly, it is more economical to keep your production "equipment" in good working condition than to purchase new. There were also laws that required a slave's owner to continue to provide for him after he was too old, sick, or injured to work. The thing to remember is that the slave had to always be at full working capacity. That means you couldn't injure, overwork or starve them. In some instances slaves stayed on after slavery was abolished but this time they worked for a wage.
Because it was a present from France to America when they gained independance.