The Texan army defeated the Mexican force on April 21, 1836.
24 January 1848 marked the start of the "California Gold Rush." That was the date that John Marshall discovered gold in the American River while working for John Augustus Sutter on his vast land holdings. The next year--1849--over 80,000 people entered California and the 49er Gold Rush was on. Aside from the amount of gold discovered, and the impact it had on the economy of California and the nation, the most important aspects of the gold rush were the populating of California, its admittance to the Union and the unfolding of events that would lead the nation to a Civil War. The Southern states looked to the West for the expansion of slavery and the plantation system. Proslavery southerners wanted Mexican lands and most of California. The admission of California as a state would upset the equality between north and south in the US Senate, were California to be admitted as a free state. Abolitionists in the North made it necessary for southerners to demand that some kind of equality in the US Senate be guaranteed. Henry Clay, the Great Compromiser, introduced legislation that would require both North and South to make significant concessions. His attempt at compromise only drove the sections further apart. The Fugitive Slave Act served as an example of sectionalism. The South favored the return of runaway slaves via the use of federal commissioners who could circumvent local courts, while the abolitionists consider the act a way of making slavery legal in states that had anti slavery laws. Anti slavery northerners would create a new political party, the Republican Party, to continue the political fight against the expansion of slavery. The compromises suggested would continue to fail, and the nation would continue its division until the Election of 1860. MrV
Massachusetts was the center of the revolution.
This quote is often attributed to Thomas Jefferson, but even his estate, Monticello, denies any evidence that the Founding Father ever used these words.
Even if he had, Jefferson would not have been the originator. The phrase was, in fact, a simplified variant of a line from a 1790 speech by Irish orator John Philpot Curran: The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance; which condition if he break, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime and the punishment of his guilt. The phrase was shortened to "eternal vigilance is the price of freedom" and similar sayings used throughout the 18th and 19th centuries by a variety of speakers and authors, including:
- Ida B. Wells, in her 1970 autobiography, Crusade for Justice
- Andrew Jackson, in his 1837 Farewell Address
- Abraham Lincoln
- abolitionist Wendell Phillips
- Leonard Courtney
- George Marshall