The Chesapeake Bay was formed some 12,000 years ago as the last great ice sheet melted. This caused the sea levels to rise and flood the southern most valley of the Susquehanna River. The Chesapeake Bay was formed some 12,000 years ago as the last great ice sheet melted. This caused the sea levels to rise and flood the southern most valley of the Susquehanna River. haha
yes, the UN interferes in the problems of nations because it wants to preserve peace. it is only because of the UN's goals, that they are so involved in these affairs.
Southern Advantages (Northern Disadvantages)Fighting a Defensive War
- To stand on the defensive meant that the North had to invade and carry the fight to the South. This allowed the South to prepare and receive the enemy, although Lee was not a passive man by any standards.
- The South did not have many advantages, but just like in the American Revolution, it's very difficult to conquer an area. Essentially the South only had to muster the will to keep fighting until the North felt like quitting. That didn't happen, but theoretically it could have.(But it did not, for multiple reasons. Including the lack of previsions, lack in number of men, & a superior navy & rail road system.)
- When Southerners said that they merely wanted to secede from the Union they gave themselves a military advantage. Thus the North had to attack.(The North did not attack first, the South did.)
- The geography of the South favored the defender over the attacker. In particular, most of the rivers in the South run east to west. Thus as Union forces attempted to move south they had to cross all the rivers and the Confederates could defend them. Also, the fact that the Cenfederacy was simply defending itself meant that the Northern forces had to invade and occupy virtually the entire South before they could claim victory. That was a monumental task.(The North had a 3 part plan to defeat the South. 1) blockade the south 2) split the south using the MR river 3) take control of the capital of the confederates. Geographically speaking, the South was exposed.)
- The South had soldiers who were devoutly dedicated to preserving the Southland.(They wanted to preserve the individuals rights. They also wanted to start the Confederacy, which would hold the state's rights over the federal control.)
- The South were the ones who started this war, they want to finish it. They were the ones with a motive. The North just wants to put the country back together. (How this is a advantage is unclear.)
- The North included "border" states like Maryland which had large populations of Southern sympathizers. The North constantly had to fight to keep up popular support for the war.
- Motivation. The South was fighting to preserve their homes from an intruder. The North on the other hand was fighting to preserve the union. To abolish slavery was added later, and this was cold comfort to most Northerners who had never seen a slave before. (This is an advantage? For the Confederate states?)
- The Southern population, at least the white population, were more united than that of the North. In the North there was always a substantial political sentiment, based on various reasons, for not fighting the war and letting the South go in peace.(Not completely true, the boarder lines of states were general. Supporters for the South could be found in the North, and vise verse.)
- The North was the invader. When troops approached the end of their volunteer enlistment, they wanted to go home. The Southern troops were fighting for their style of life, so they hung in there. (Draft was placed on both sides.)
Fighting on Their Own Soil
- They were fighting on mostly native territory, thus they were more familiar with the ground.
- The theater of war was primarily in the South which was its home territory. Obviously the theater of war was well known to the South. The North was in enemy territory and was unfamiliar with the terrain.
- Since the Southerners were defending their own soil they were intimately familiar with the territory while the Northerners had to rely on maps.
- The majority of the best leaders were Southern born. When the South left the Union, these soldiers went with their home states.
- Military leadership of the South consisted of many Mexican War veterans. The North had some experienced officers. However(,) the North's leadership was inferior to the South.
- Throughout the Civil War, Lincoln was trying to find generals that could win. Many say Grant was the only good general the North had.
- Lee, Stonewall Jackson, Longstreet, Forest, Stuart, the list could continue. The South was blessed with officers who knew how to fight and make the best of bad situations.
- A big portion of the Union's finer officers were from the South, and were more loyal to their home states when faced with the choice. Robert E. Lee is of course the most notable example, and would have been the first choice to command the Army of the Potomac if he had remained in the Union army.
- The average Southerner had at some point in his life hunted for food. This meant he could live off of the land, knew how to shoot and how to suffer the misery that was camp life. Many of the North's soldiers came from urban areas where they had never seen a rifle before they enlisted.
- The South had better soldiers at the beginning. At the onset of the war, the North was not prepared to fight a war.
- Military readiness of soldiers at the beginning of the war was superior in the South. Young men were accustomed to outdoor life, guns and horses that were part of rural life. The North had a large portion of immigrants and urban raised individuals not accustomed to outdoor life, guns and horses.
- They had a facility at adapting their strategies to guerilla warfare, although this tactic was overshadowed by the age old battle line which caused so much death at Gettysburg.(Guerilla warfare was not practiced yet. Ambuses were, surprise attacks. The battle line was tossed aside as a poor battle strategy in the Revolutionary War, the British used it & the Rebels used cover.)
- The majority of Northern recruits were city born or worked on farms. They were not used to living off of the land. Southerners were used to hunting and living rough. What this meant was that the Southern troops knew how to shoot and live hard. This was something that the Northern troops had to learn over time.
- The South had interior lines. By this I mean, the South could use the rail network it had to transfer troops from unthreatened theaters to those where they were needed.(The North had the railroad system, the North was further industrialized. The South had little to no rail road system.)
- The South had short interior supply and communication lines. The North had long supply and communication lines that were exposed to the enemy.
Firearms Experience * Southern individuals often contained substantial hunting experience, and more substantial proficiency with firearms than Northerners as hunting was a facet of Southern culture.
They fought on their own soil, so they did not have to travel far to the battle grounds
They had better generals, like Robert E. Lee, and the famous Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
The south grew cotton, which Europe needed.
They got money from plantation crops
Most of their soldiers were farmers, so they were strong.
They had raw materials, which the north could not make things without south's raw materials.
The weather was also an advantage, since it was cold, northern soldiers slowed down and had to wait out snow storms
The south could position troops and repair their defenses while North waited for spring.
Traditionally, the "American dream" often referred to home ownership.
Also freedom, and rights of men and women, and having a successful life, marriage, and most of the time children.
The idea (often associated with the Protestant work ethic) held by many in the US that through hard work, courage and determination, anyone could achieve prosperity.
The first family to travel to California was the Donner Family. They hit hardship when Of the original 87 pioneers, 39 died and 48 survived.