Hurricane Katrina was the deadliest and most destructive Atlantic tropical cyclone of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. It was the costliest natural disaster in US history, as well as one of the five deadliest hurricanes. Its major impact was to flood the city of New Orleans through damage to its protective levee system.
Hurricanes are hurricanes in the North Atlantic and Eastern Pacific area. Hurricanes are called Typhoons in the Asian Pacific area. The formal name for both is tropical cyclone.
Largest hurricane in world records
In the Pacific ocean, Super Typhoon Tip (1979) is the largest.
In the Atlantic ocean, Hurricane Ike (2008) is the largest.
颱 台 tái - typhoon
颱風 台风 tái fēng - hurricane; typhoon
暴風雨 暴风雨 bào fēng yu - rainstorm; storm; tempest
(Cantonese) tai fung "a great wind," from tu "big" + feng "wind;"
태풍 tepoong - typhoon, hurricane
*Now you know where the word came from. Here's a bonus language...
Your question is sort of fuzzy, so I'll try to answer it from as many different meanings as I can. I know of three Asian languages that you may be referring to: Korean, Chinese and Japanese. I'm afraid I'll have to use Simplified Chinese.
In Google translator, I translated to and from Korean, Chinese and Japanese. In all of them, it remains typhoon, so it doesn't have any special meaning in any of these languages, it just is typhoon. In Korean, the phonetic translation is the-poong, which is pretty close.
Hurricanes are usually studied and detected by satellites.