From the Jewish conception, Jews have do not really discuss Muslims outside of the political context of the Middle East. Most Jewish prayer services never mention Muslims either directly or obliquely and most sermons have absolutely nothing to do with Islam. While Judaism holds that Islam is an acceptable religion for Non-Jews, it has no bearing on Jewish belief or ideology. The dominant Islamic conception is that Jews are one of the two "People of the Book" (the other being Christians). These peoples were due respect since their traditions and religions were divinely inspired. Most Muslims hold that this means that that Jews should be treated tolerantly and should not be seen as enemies. There are minority views which stress certain hadiths to allege that the Jews are the eternal enemies of the Muslims and use the difficult political situation in the Middle East as "evidence" of Jews' malicious intent.
prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
after him Imam Ali (sa)
after him Imam Hasan (sa)
after him Imam Hssain (sa)
and then 8 Imam from children of Imam Hasan (sa)
totally 12 Imam.
currently Imam Mahdi who is dissappeared but some especial Shia Muslims meet him and he guids them.
recently Imam Khomeini was leader of Iran Islamic revolution who was main shia leader in world. and after his death recently now Imam Khamenei is leader of Shia Islam in Iran and also shia countries.
other local shia leaders exist in shia countries but Imam Khamanei is main leader in shia world.
Salat al-Isha, one of the five daily prayers required of all Muslims, shold be offered after full darkness begins and before midnight, although it may be offered later at night if necessary. Isha consists of four rakats of prayer. The first two are offered aloud and the last two are offfered silently. A sunnah, or optional, prayer may be offered between midnight and dawn. This prayer is usually called Tahajud. It consists of two or more rakats, and usually ends with a single ruku, during which dua (supplications) may be offered aloud.
Every individual should follow Quran and sunnah (prophet sayings and practices) and keep praying God (Allah) to remove the curse and all the evils from the country.
Islam became a religion since start of universe creation and even before. refer to question below for details. The Islam that we know today, that is based on Qur'anic Revelation, was founded in the 22 years of Mohammed's prophecy from 610-632 CE in Mecca and Medina in Saudi Arabia.