There are 245 Marathons in the United States. This does not count half marathons. I have provided a state by state link. Cut and Paste the following Links...... http://www.marathonmartin.com/marathon-list/united-states.htm http://www.adsonathletes.com (Check out my site)
It is because in ancient Greece, a messenger from Marathon, Greece, had to deliver a message to Athens, Greece, so he ran 26.2 miles to get there, then dropped dead before he could deliver the message to the king. The original Marathon was during an ancient Greek war. A messenger delivered a message after running 26 miles, then died.
The IAAF regards Patrick Makau's 2:03:38 (Berlin 2011) to be the official men's World Record. However the fastest marathon ever (2:03:02) was run by Geoffrey Mutai (Boston 2011).