The United States with 44.
Yes. Athletes not in high school, or college maintain jobs. Home Depot is a company committed to hiring said athletes, to accomodate their training schedules. Obviously select Olympians have lifestyles that accomadate not having to be in full time employ.
AD 393 385 was the last recorded games, although the games may have continued to 393 (in 394 the games were banned by the then Roman Emperor).
Final of any Olympic Race (excluding anything above 800m races) has 8 competitors in the final because just being it is so short that if you you do not lead or co-leader the race, then you will lose. Have more runners in a short even is toxic because they no one can use there kicks if they are blocked.
In distance event, it is acceptable not to lead in the beginning because you have different times when you want to be in control. Most professional have different types of kicks that start at different times in a long race.
Kick- usuallly a burst in speed for a rcer. Just enough energy to make him/her go faster as they reach the finish line.