Whether Gettysburg was little would depend on your definition of the word. It was not tiny, neither was it even a small city. It was, and is, the county seat of Adams County, Pennsylvania, so the County Courthouse is there. There is a Lutheran Theological Seminary and also Gettysburg College, both of which were there during the battle. Even today though Gettysburg has only about 7500 citizens. There was a railroad finished just before the war linking Gettysburg and Hanover. Gettysburg's main importance at the time of the battle though was as a road hub - there were nine good roads radiating from Gettysburg like spokes on a wheel. There was a shoe factory in Gettysburg and the battle began when some Confederates went there to seize the shoes, not knowing they had already been taken a week before by a different party of the numerous throngs of soldiers beginning to crowd into the area. Gettysburg was big enough to have a grid of streets and had somewhere above two thousand residents when the battle erupted in their town.
The growing of cotton requires a relatively warm climate. This the South had in places like Alabama and Georgia. The North, however, was allowed to buy cotton from the South during the war by the special permit issued by the US Treasury.
"States Rights". Southern states believed that they had the right to determine the status of slavery for themselves. Northern states wanted it to be illegal. The south decided to secede from the Union so that they could make laws for themselves. While there is absolutely no question that slavery should have been illegal, taking away the rights of States to make their own law was the beginning of some serious problems for this country. Slavery was certainly immoral, but there were plenty of other options before making it a Federal law.
While this is what is taught in school, it is a lie. The Rothschilds plainly stated in the newspapers of the day that if Lincoln did not bow the knee to their usury, he "would find himself in a most unfortunate civil war."The major long-term cause was the economic disparity between the industrial North and the agrarian South. The source of the South's economy was based on slavery, which brought that institution into the debate. The North depended on protectionist tariffs. The South preferred low tariffs wich favored cotton exports and purchase of low priced imported goods. Abolitionists brought the morality of slavery into question. The South felt as though, in order to retain the political equilibrium, it had to extend slavery into the Western States as territories applied for statehood, and the North felt as though it needed to contain slavery. Had politicians been able to assure the continuation of slavery in the South, without spreading it to the West, the South may not have pursued its adamant defense of States' Rights, but the Fugitive Slave Act threw the equilibrium out of kilter and started the "inevitable march" toward civil war.
While this is what is taught in school, it is a lie. The Rothschilds plainly stated in the newspapers of the day that if Lincoln did not bow the knee to their usury, he "would find himself in a most unfortunate civil war."