* In 1832, he ran for state legislator and lost.
* In 1854, he was a candidate for U.S. Senator and lost (he threw his support to Free-Soil Democrat Lyman Trumbull, who became a Republican).
* In 1858, he was a candidate for U.S. Senator and lost.
Note: Lincoln was not defeated for re-election as U.S. Representative in 1848; he was not a candidate for re-election. In 1846, Lincoln was elected U.S. Representative from the Illinois 7th Congressional District, in succession to his friend Edward Baker, elected in 1844. In 1843, the Whig Party had nominated John Hardin, but at the same time had endorsed Baker for the 1844 nomination - establishing a single-term rule. This opened the way for Lincoln's election in 1846, but required him to retire in 1848.
Lincoln was also the loser in other political contests, though these are not properly called elections.
* In the 1830s, he was twice nominated for Speaker of the Illinois House of Representatives by the Whig legislators, but as the Whigs were in the minority, was not chosen either time.
* In 1843, he sought the Whig nomination for U.S. Representative, but was passed over at the Sangamon County Whig convention in favor of Edward Baker (who in turn was rejected by the District convention, which chose John Hardin). Note: Illinois was one of 19 states which elected Representatives to the 1843-1844 Congress in early 1843.
* In 1849, after much inducement from his friends, Lincoln allowed his name to be suggested for Commissioner of the General Land Office (a Federal post). He became actively interested when Justin Butterfield of Chicago was put forward, feeling that Butterfield did not deserve the post. However, Secretary of the Interior Thomas Ewing chose Butterfield.
* In 1856, at the Republican convention, Illinois delegates nominated Lincoln for Vice Presidential candidate; Lincoln was not there and did not request this. He received 110 votes out of 567 on an informal ballot, but 253 went to William Dayton of New Jersey. Dayton was chosen with 520 votes on the formal ballot.
Source: Donald, David Herbert (1995) Lincoln
There are an overwhelming number of tasks the national legislature is given. There are primary and secondary responsibilities of congress. Primary responsibilities are those performed on a continual basis. Some of these include lawmaking or enacting laws addressing major problem, and representation which involves the extent to which elected office holders are responsive to the wants and needs of ordinary citizens. Secondary responsibility are handled on a more sporadic basis and involve impeachment, seating and disciplining members, selecting leaders for the executive branch, as well as other policy responsibilities. The role of Congress is two-fold: Representation and Lawmaking.
Representing their constituency and being responsive to their wants and needs goes hand in hand with the responsibility of informing and educating the public. The other prong of congressional duty is to pass laws according to popular sovereignty and majority rule, and then oversee their administration. This would be summed up as "policy responsiveness".
Civil War President Abraham Lincoln had just been elected US President when the first Southern state of South Carolina in December of 1860 seceded. That state would other Southern states and become united as the Confederate States of America. Part of the reason for secession was due to the South's concerns that Lincoln would abolish slavery entirely. Since Lincoln had not been inaugurated when the states seceded, though, James Buchanan was technically President at the very start. Jefferson Davis was president of Confederacy.
Since it would take the usual long process to amend the US Constitution, to abolish slavery, the election of Abraham Lincoln was not a specific cause for secession. The US Supreme Court had said slavery was constitutional. Also, President elect Lincoln vowed to let slavery alone where it already existed.
The South did consider Lincoln an enemy, but their secession had deeper toots then a new president that only gathered 31% of the votes. During the US Civil War, the US President was Abraham Lincoln.
More commonly known as P.G.T. Beauregard. He was a Southern general who was in command at the First Battle of Bull Run. Johnston and Beauregard would argue over who should take credit for this victory. He's a relatively minor figure in the war.
That is an interesting question since there was no battle of Richmond. Richmond was evacuated after the Union's successful siege of nearby Petersburg and fell without a fight.
I'm sure my ancestor who was killed there, Thomas P. Walston, would disagree with you. There were 2 battles at Richmond. One in Kentucky, one in Virginia. Richmond, Kentucky sat on a important supply route. That line had been cut as Grant's Army pushed south. The Fereral force was to drive Walker's Texans from Richmond. It was the 2nd largest battle in Kentucky & one of the most decisive & complete Confederate victories.
There was a much larger Battle of Richmond,KY than most people know about. Your ancestor had a lot of company. 257 Union troops were KIA and 1,076 WIA, with another 117 dying of their wounds for a total of 374 dead. The Confederates lost 138 KIA and 472 WIA, with another 117 dying of their wounds for a total of 255 Confederate dead. That's 395 KIA, 629 total dead, and over 1,548 wounded, 1,943 killed and wounded. A lot of carnage for a battle that was never fought. Roughly 15,000 troops fought in it, on August 29-30, 1862, where 7,500 green Union troops were virtually annihilated by a Confederate force of approx. the same strength. The Federal Army of Kentucky ceased to exist, losing 1,333 killed and wounded and over 4,303 captured, not counting the Union wounded troops that were captured, a total of 5,636 out of 7,500. 75.1% casualties, the highest ever suffered by the US Army. And the battle had nothing to do with Grant's army, as he was in command hundreds of miles to the west in Mississippi. It was a result of the invasion of Kentucky by Gen.E.Kirby Smith's Confederate Army in East Tennessee. After Gen.Smith's victory, the most complete rout of the War, he linked up with Gen. Braxton Bragg's Army of the Mississippi that had also invaded KY. But in the end, their victory was wasted by Bragg's loss of nerve after the tactical victory that could not be followed up on, due to the larger Federal force nearby, following the Battle of Perryville, KY on October 8, 1862. I have a book coming out this spring on it. I would suggest that people actually research a subject and be certain of the answer before trying to inform others. No offense, Sir.Hey all you arguers, you never actually answered the question! What was the result?