The Balkans are called the powder keg of Europe because hundreds of wars have happened there, World War 1 started because of it, World War 2 had fighting there, and World War 3 can start because of it over any issue, currently Kosovo. To Russia or the USA, having the Balkans under American or Russian control is more important to them than millions of people getting killed in a civil war in Africa, and reasons for this I don't really know. I think it's because of it's very high strategic value, which I don't understand since I'm not a military expert. But most of the time, if some nation invades another or something else big happens there, the world always responds. In simple terms, the Balkans is one of the most dangerous regions in the world, and the most dangerous one in Europe at the moment.
- Northern France, Belgium, Luxembourg.
- In Eastern Europe on the front between Russia and Germany and Austria-Hungary.
- In the Balkans (Serbia against Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria); also on the borders of Greece and Bulgaria.
- In 1916 (and later) also in Romania.
- In the Middle East - Palestine, Mesopotamia, Syria.
- Germany's colonies in Africa were taken fairly quickly except for German East Africa (mainly present day Tanzania), where the fighting continued throughout WW1.
- The German outpost in Manchuria was also the scene of fighting.
- North-east Italy
- South-West Africa
The Battle of Gallipoli took place on the Turkish peninsula of Gallipoli from April 1915 to January 1916 during the First World War. A combined British Empire and French operation was mounted in order to eventually capture the Ottoman capital of Constantinople (now Istanbul). The attempt failed, and an estimated 505,000 soldiers were killed and 262,000 wounded.
In Turkey the campaign is known as the ǡnakkale Savaşları. In the United Kingdom it is called the Dardanelles Campaign or Gallipoli, and in France, Australia, New Zealand and Newfoundland it is also known as "Gallipoli".
The short term effect was that Germany was now forced to confront one of Bismark's worst fears: a two front conflict. Hopes on the Allied side were very high, and Serbia, emboldened by a Russian promise to defend her, rejected Austria-Hungary's ultimatum outright, although previously they had been considering accepting most of the terms. For a short time Russia was finally starting to feel rejuvinated as the flood of patriotism took hold. The people stood behind their Tsar again, and everyone believed that Russia would be victorious. Of course, as history has shown, this was not to keep. Despite early success in East Prussia and against the Austrians, Germany quickly gained the upperhand over inferior Russian leadership and her badly equipped forces.
A Serbian assissinated an Austrian Duke and his wife in 1914.
The Serbian Gavrilo Princip killed the Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand (Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia, and Arch Duke of Austria-Este) and his wife Sophia On Sunday, 28 June 1914, at approximately 1:30 pm.
Franz Ferdinand and his wife were killed in Sarajevo, the capital of the Austro-Hungarian province of Bosnia and Herzegovina, by a Serbian man called Gavrilo Princip a member of the Black Hand, a group who wanted to kill Francis Ferdinand who survived other assassination attempts.
Austria attacked Serbia and then called Germany to help them.
Germany invaded Serbia.
Russia and Serbia were allies, so Russia protected Serbia.
Germany invaded Belgium in order to gain access to France, funds, weapons, soldiers, oil and metals to construct vehicles
England and Belgium were allies, so England went to France to attack the German in Belgium. Britain called the countries in the British Empire to help them.
- Countries were recruiting soldiers and other countries saw this as a threat. (Most countries did this)
- Countries were building vehicles and arms and other countries saw this as a threat. (Most countries did this)
- Countries wanted to expand their Empire (Germany did this.)
- Protecting Allies (Germany, Russia, England and British Empire did this)