Generally, the capability of the USSR to maintain its internal and external economic structure eventually failed, and the political structure followed. Factors included the dissatisfaction of its citizens, nationalist movements in Eastern Europe and Asia, and an unworkable, inflexible bureaucracy.
The Soviet's tightly controlled economy was not able to compete with the free-market economy of the US and its allies. In almost every area of competition - excepting only nuclear armaments - the Soviet system fell behind. One example of this can be found in the production of Soviet steel. Around and after WWII, the Soviet system was behind the US in steel production. Since they used a command economy, this was a factor that had to be settled not via supply and demand but rather through the Soviet government's use of limited resources and time (e.g. currency and time). By the 1990s, Soviet steel production surpassed that of the US. Unfortunately for the Soviets, by this time there was a plethora of steel traded on the open markets. So while they did indeed begin to produce more steel than the US, it was more expensive for them to produce steel domestically than it was for the US to import it. This left the US with resources to spend on other "projects" - such as computer technology. This phenomenon was to repeat itself in a variety of other areas as well.
The move away from nuclear arms to conventional arms was one that the USSR was ill-prepared to exploit, although Russian scientists were among the best in the world. When Ronald Reagan became President in 1981, he embarked on an ambitious expansion of the armed forces, requiring the Soviets to expand their own cumbersome military apparatus. When the Russian and Soviets economies fell on hard times, they could no longer afford to control their satellite countries in Asia and Eastern Europe.
Communism vs. Religion
Russia fell primarily because the Great God of Abraham Isaac and Jacob caused it to fall. For more than 60 years Godless communism had enslaved and murdered people all over the globe and espoused that the state was God. Afghanistan was the first chink in the mighty Soviet armor. Then the other "stans" broke away. All those soviet vassal states with great numbers of Muslims broke away, and the communists lost control of their empire. Mainly God allowed thousands of Jews to return to return to Israel from Russia. The great red bully of the world was shaken to the core and split up when God decided that enough was enough!
The war was going poorly for the Allies in 1917. Germany and Austria knocked Russia out of the war. A liberal democratic government was established in Russia, deposed the Czar but it proved too weak to keep the Russian army from mutiny and group of revolutionary Bolshevicks, led by Vladmir Lenin, seized power and established a communist government in Russia. The communists pulled Russia out of the war and reluctantly signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, which Germany forced upon Russia. The Treaty convinced the Allies that Russia had not been the power they thought it was and it convinced many Americans that entry into the war was correct and necessary in order to stop the German conquest of Europe. However, the treaty also freed the German army to throw more troops into France. MrV The key provision of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was the removal of the following territories from the Russian Empire: * Russian Poland * The Baltic Republics * Finland * The Ukraine and the Crimea * Parts of Belarus * Some areas in the Caucasus were handed over to the Ottoman Empire. In a supplementary treaty, signed five months later, Russia agreed to pay US$6 billion in reparations to Germany. The aim was that these territories should become German (or Austrian) satellite countries. Of course, with the defeat of Germany and Austria-Hungary, the treaty became irrelevant, but for many German nationalists it seemed that they had been cruelly awoken from a dream - that of boundless expansion in Eastern Europe. This notion was, for example, absolutely central to Hitler's thinking on German expansion.
Geography of ItalyThe geography of Italy is highly varied. There are mountains and plains, oceans and lakes, etc.
Look for a geographic map.
ItalyThe country is a long peninsular that extends from the Alps to Sicily. There is a large plain , the Plain of Lombardy, in the north. Many parts of the country are mountainous.
also, Italy is Frigid cold up north, and the blistering heat is down south
Russia, whether as Kievan Rus or Muscovy, has always been a power in Eastern Europe. Soon after the fall of Byzantium, the Princes of Muscovy claimed to be the true successors to the eastern part of the Roman Empire and adopted the Byzantine double-headed eagle as their dynastic 'beast'. (That's why the Romanovs also used it). Muscovy claimed to be the protector of Orthodox Christianity and also claimed the right to intervene at will in the Balkans. Until about 1780 most of this was just talk. From about 1650 onwards Muscovy/Russia began to push westwards into Poland. War with Sweden in 1700-21 brought further westward expansion. Tsar Peter the Great (reigned as sole Tsar 1696-1725) and later, also Catherine the Great (reigned 1762-96), made huge efforts to 'westernize' Russia in the 1700s. Russia became involved in many of the major European wars from the Seven Years' War (1756-63) onwards. So Russia was a major European power long before the approach to WW1.